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Thứ năm, 04 Tháng 8 2011 21:04


Groups of Five

Mara 5 - the destroyer of goodness

  1. Kiles Mara - the Mara of defilements can make mind depressed
  2. Khandha Mara - the Mara of aggregates of the five Khandha (rupa,vedhana, sanya, sankhara, vinyana). Whomever takes possession of this five khandha will be suffering.
  3. AbhiSankhara Mara - the Mara of Karma-formations can induce mind to either wholesome action or unwholesome action.
  4. Devaputta Mara - the Mara as deity or likely means dignity which can deceive mind. Whomever is occupied by Devaputta Mara will be in danger because of not understanding the truth of impermanence
  5. Maccu Mara - the Mara as death, death is the cause of stopping good deed

Anantariyakamma 5 - heinous crimes which bring immediate results

  1. Matughata - matricide
  2. Pitughata - patricide
  3. Arahantaghata - killing an arahant
  4. Lohituppada - causing a Buddha to suffer a contusion or to bleed
  5. Sanghabheda - causing schism in the Sangha Order

Abhinhapaccavekkhana 5 - facts should be again and again contemplated

  1. JaraDhammata - I am subject to decay and I can not escape it.
  2. ByadhiDhammata - I am subject to disease and I can not escape it.
  3. MaranaDhammata - I am subject to death and I can not escape it.
  4. Piyavinabhavata - There will be division and separation from all that are dear to me and beloved.
  5. Kammassakata - I am owner of my deed, whatever deed I do, whether good or bad, I shall become heir to it.

VesarajjakaranaDhamma 5 - virtues making for courage

  1. Saddha - faith , believe in what should believe
  2. Sila - good conduct in body action, speech and thought
  3. Bahusacca - great learning
  4. Viriyarambha - put effort, not careless
  5. Panya - wisdom, understanding

Dhammasavananisamsa 5 - benefits of listening to the Dharma

  1. He hears things not heard.
  2. He clears things heard.
  3. He dispels his doubts.
  4. He makes straight his views.
  5. His heart becomes calm and happy.

Bala 5 - power, strenght

  1. Saddha - confidence
  2. Viriya - effort
  3. Sati - mindfulness
  4. Samadhi - concentration
  5. Panya - wisdom

We shall perpetually remind the aforementioned Bala 5.

Nivarana 5 - hindrance to achieve good deed

  1. Kamachanda - sensual desire
  2. Byapada - illwill
  3. Thina Middha - sloth and torpor
  4. Uddhacca Kukkucca - flurry and worry
  5. Vicikiccha - doubt, uncertainty

Khandha 5 - body and mind are separated into five groups.

  1. Rupa Khandha
  2. Vedana Khandha
  3. Sanya Khandha
  4. Sankhara Khandha
  5. Vinyana Khandha

Earth element, water element, air element and fire element aggregate and form to be body which is called Rupa.
Realising feeling conditions of being happy, sad or equanimity is called Vedana.
Recognising feeling conditions of elements that passing through the eye, ear, nose, tongue, boy and mind is called Sanya.
Developing or Creating such as liking, disliking, or thinking of all sort of things is called Sankhara
Knowing feeling conditions that passing through all the six sense doors is called Vinyana


Groups of Six

Garava 6 - appreciative action

  1. Satthu Garavata - reverence for the Buddha
  2. Dhamma Garavata - reverence for the Dhamma
  3. Sangha Garavata - reverence for the monk
  4. Sikka Garavata - reverence for the training
  5. Appamada Garavata - reverence for carelessness
  6. Patisanthara Garavata - reverence for hospitality

SaraniyaDhamma 6 - virtues for fraternal living

  1. Mettakayakamma - to be amiable in deed, openly and in private
  2. Mettavacikamma - to be amiable in word, openly and in private
  3. Mettamanokamma - to be amiable in thought, openly and in private
  4. Sadharanabhogi - to share any lawful gains with virtuous fellows
  5. Silasamannata - to keep without blemish the rules of conduct along with one 's fellows, openly and in private
  6. Ditthisamannata - to be endowed with right views along with one 's fellows, openly and in private

Ajjhattikayatana 6 - internal sense-fields

  1. Cakkhu - the eye
  2. Sota - the ear
  3. Ghana - the nose
  4. Jivha - the tongue
  5. Kaya - the body
  6. Mano - the mind

Bahirayatana 6 - external sense-fields

  1. Rupa - form, visible object
  2. Sadda - sound
  3. Gandha - smell, odour
  4. Rasa - taste
  5. Photthabha - tangible objects
  6. Dhammarom - mind-objects

Indriya 6 - the sense-faculties

  1. Cakkhundriya - eye-faculty
  2. Sotindriya - ear-faculty
  3. Ghanindriya - nose-faculty
  4. Jivhindriya - tongue-faculty
  5. Kayindriya - body-faculty
  6. manindriya - mind-faculty

Vinyana 6 - sense-awareness

  1. knowing / catching the object by eyes is called Cakkhu Vinyana
  2. hearing the sound by ears is called Sota Vinyana
  3. knowing the odour by nose is called Ghana Vinyana
  4. knowing the taste by tongue is called Jivha Vinyana
  5. knowing the Photthabha by body is called Kaya Vinyana
  6. knowing what the mind is thinking is called Mano Vinyana

Disa 6 - socially involve to many kinds of person similar to the surrounding directions

  1. Puratthima Disa - parents as the east or the direction in front

    1.1. In five ways a child should minister to his parents as the eastern direction.

    1.1.1 Having been supported by them I will support them in my turn.
    1.1.2 I will do their work for them.
    1.1.3 I will keep up the honour and the traditions of my family.
    1.1.4 I will make myself worthy of my heritage.
    1.1.5 I will make offerings, dedicating merit to them after their death.
    1.2. In five ways his parents, thus served as the eastern direction, show their love for him.

    1.2.1 They keep him back from evil.
    1.2.2 They train him in virtue.
    1.2.3 They have him taught arts and sciences.
    1.2.4 They arrange for his marriage to a suitable wife.
    1.2.5 They hand over his inheritance to him in due time.
  2. Dakkhina Disa - teachers as the south or the direction in the right

    2.1. In five ways a pupil should minister to his teachers as the southern direction.

    2.1.1 by rising to receive them.
    2.1.2 by waiting upon them.
    2.1.3 by eagerness to learn.
    2.1.4 by personal service.
    2.1.5 by attentively learning the arts and sciences.
    2.2. In five ways his teachers, thus served as the southern direction, show their love for him.

    2.2.1 They train him so that he is well-trained.
    2.2.2 They teach him in such a way that he understands and remembers well what he has been taught.
    2.2.3 They thoroughly instruct him in the lore of every art.
    2.2.4 They introduce him to his friends and companions.
    2.2.5 They provide for his safety and security in every direction.
  3. Pacchima Disa - wife and children as the west or the direction behind

    3.1. In five ways a husband should serve his wife as the western direction.

    3.1.1 by honouring her.
    3.1.2 by being courteous to her.
    3.1.3 by being faithful to her.
    3.1.4 by handing over authority to her.
    3.1.5 by providing her with ornaments.
    3.2. In five ways his wife, thus served as the western direction, show her love for him.

    3.2.1 The household affairs are to be well managed.
    3.2.2 She should be hospitable and helpful to friends and relations of both hers and his.
    3.2.3 She should be faithful to him.
    3.2.4 She should take care of the goods he brings home.
    3.2.5 She should be skillful and industrious in all her duties.
  4. Uttara Disa - friends and companions as the north or the direction in the left

    4.1. In five ways a clansman should serve his friends and associates as the northern direction.

    4.1.1 by generousity.
    4.1.2 by kind words.
    4.1.3 by helping them and acting for their welfare.
    4.1.4 by putting them on equal terms.
    4.1.5 by being sincere to them.
    4.2. In five ways his friends and associates, thus serve as the northern direction, show their love for him.

    4.2.1 They protect him when he is careless.
    4.2.2 They guard his property when he is careless.
    4.2.3 They are a refuge for him when he is in danger.
    4.2.4 They do not leave him in troubles.
    4.2.5 They show due respect to other members of his family.
  5. Hetthima Disa - servants and workmen as the nadir

    5.1. In five ways a master should serve his servants and workmen as the lower direction.

    5.1.1 by assigning them work according to their strenght.
    5.1.2 by giving them due food and wages.
    5.1.3 by caring for them in sickness.
    5.1.4 by sharing with them unusual luxuries.
    5.1.5 by giving them holidays and leave at suitable times.
    5.2. In five ways his servants and workmen, thus served as the lower direction, show their love for him.

    5.2.1 They get up to work before him.
    5.2.2 They go to rest after him.
    5.2.3 They take only what is given to them.
    5.2.4 They do their work well.
    5.2.5 They spread about his praise and good shame.
  6. Uparima Disa - monks as the zenith

    6.1. In five ways a clansman should serve monks and Brahmins as the upper direction.

    6.1.1 by kindly acts.
    6.1.2 by kindly words.
    6.1.3 by kindly thoughts.
    6.1.4 by keeping open house to them.
    6.1.5 by supplying them with their material needs.
    6.2. In six ways the monks, thus served as the upper direction, show their love for him.

    6.2.1 They keep him back from evil.
    6.2.2 They encourage him to do good.
    6.2.3 They feel for him with kindly thoughts.
    6.2.4 They teach him what he has not heard before.
    6.2.5 They correct and clarify what he has learnt.
    6.2.6 They show him the way to heaven.


Groups of Seven

AparihaniyaDhamma 7 - things leading never to decline but only to properity, conditions of welfare

  1. to hold regular and frequent meetings
  2. to meet togetherin harmony, disperse in harmony, and do their business and duties in harmony
  3. to introduce no revolutionary ordinance, or break up no established ordinance, but abide by the original or fundamental norm and principles
  4. to honour and respect the elders and deem them worthy of listening to
  5. the women and girls of the families are to dwell without being forced and abducted
  6. to honour and worship monuments and object of worship
  7. to provide the rightful protection

AriyaDhana 7 - noble tresures

  1. Saddha - confidence
  2. Sila - good conduct in body action, speech and thought
  3. Hiri - moral shame
  4. Ottapa - moral dread
  5. Bahusacca - great learning
  6. Caga - liberality
  7. Panya - wisdom

the aforementioned noble treasures is worthier than external properties. Unlike external properties ,no one can take possession of the aforemention noble treasures.


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